Here we are giving a description of filament yarn and it types. Following property and classification shows the definition and types of filament yarn.
Definition of filament yarn
Filament yarns are created by taking the one polyester filaments, grouping them along then twisting or air-entangling them to create them possible. A monofilament yarn has only one, single polyester.
Types of filament yarn
The types of filament yarns is as numerous as that of staple yarns. Filaments yarns square measure divided into 2 varieties viz flat continuous filament and rough-textured continuous filament yarn.
- Continuous filament yarns : Continuous filament yarns come from long continuous filaments. Filaments yarns square measure primarily unreal. Silk is that the solely natural filament and accounts for fewer than one hundred and twenty fifth of the fibre and yarn production. Regular or standard filaments yarns square measure sleek and silk like as they are available from the spinneret. Their sleek nature provides them additional luster than spun yarns, however the luster varies with quantity|the quantity|the number of the delusturing agent employed in the fibre spinning resolution and therefore the amount of twist within the yarn. Filament yarns haven’t any sticking ends, in order that they don’t shed lint; they resist pilling and materials made up of them tend to shed soil simply.
- Textured continuous yarn : Textured continuous unreal continuous filament yarns that square measure been changed by ulterior process to introduce crimps, coils, loops or alternative distortions into the filament or with high twist or low twist. The addition of twist will increase bulk texturing provides slippery filaments the aesthetic property of spun yarns by sterilisation the surface characteristics and making house between the fibres. It improves the thermal and wet absorption of filament yarns.