Nowadays, Mineral wool has got its place in Technical Textile Sector. It has higher heat insulation properties. It is used in many industrial purposes and even in an apartment building. It makes places in thermal comfort. The first mineral wool was in 1840 in Wales by Edward Parry, which known as slag wool.
Mineral wool is a composite fibre but its appearance is wool fibre. Mineral wool, also known as mineral fiber, mineral cotton, man-made mineral fibre, and man-made vitreous fiber. This fibre are formed by spinning or drawing molten different minerals. The nomenclature of these products is simply the raw material name in prefix to wool i.e, product from glass fibre is glass wool, and product from rock is stone wool and from ceramics fibre is called ceramic fibre wool and so on. It is highly resistant to heat. The heat resistance of Glass Wool is 230°-260°C, stone wool is 700°-850°C and ceramic fibre wool is 1200°C.
Mineral wool offer exceptional fire performance characteristics, as well as excellent thermal properties and are scientifically designed to provide a very high level of compression resistance. There are many application of mineral wool which are-
- Wall applications of slabs for thermal insulation
- Fire protection in buildings
- Smoke and fire protection, in building voids
- Fixing slabs to external walls
- Loft installations
- Floor/ Celling insulations
- Air conditioning insulation in industry
- Internal insulation in office room.
- Pipe cover
Some of applications are shown below: