A textile was originally a woven fabric but the textile & the plural textiles are how also applied to fibres filament, yarn, natural, manufactured & most product for which these are a principle Raw material.
Description of textile as defined in above & of raw materials, process, machinery building craft, technology, personal used in and the organization & activities connected with their manufacture.
Fibres have been defined by the textile Institute as “Units of matter characterized by flexibility fineness” usually fibres are several thousand times longer than they are thick. Generic term used to describe the basic element of the material form which yarns, textiles, knits & other substances are made.
Specific term used to describe the basic element characterized by a length that is at least 100 times the width of the fibre & by a definitely preferred oriented of its crystals unit cells with respect to the longitudinal axis.
A fibre that can be spun into a yarn or processed into textiles such as a fabric, knit, lace, felt & non-woven etc. by means of an appropriate interlacing method.
In order to a fibre to be classically spin-able, its length should be at least 5 mm. In addition, it must be supple or flexible, present sufficient cohesiveness & be strong enough. Other properties, more or less desirable, including elasticity, fineness, uniformity, durability, luster, crimp (waviness) and the ability to absorb moisture.
Staple Fibre: A fibre type with limited length which is generally measured. It includes the fibres of natural origin & those obtained by chopping filament. Examples are Cotton, Jute, Flex, Wool, Ramie etc.
Filament: A fibre type characterized by extreme length that is not measured. The extreme length of filament permits fabrication into yarn without or with very low twist & without the usual spinning operation into yarns. Examples are Silk, Polyester, Nylon etc.