Definition of Loom
Loom and its classifications
Conventional / Shuttle
Conventional means general. The first and the ancient looms are like the conventional loom. It is derived by a shuttle. So the other name of a conventional loom is shuttle loom. We call it shuttle loom because, it has a shuttle and the shuttle does the main operation. There are different types of conventional loom found in textile manufacturing process. Conventional loom needs to operate with manual operation. Following are the different conventional or shuttle loom types mostly used in textile manufacturing.
- Special ( Pile, Gauge, Tri-axial etc. )
Automatic loom works automatically. It has a system by which it works. Here only need to set program and maintain the output. There are different automatic looms in textile manufacturing. The another name of automatic loom is power loom. The use of a power loom is like fully automatic. Only need to set a program and it will run automatically. That is why we call it automatic loom or power loom.
Modern / Shuttle-less
Modern loom is one kind of automatic loom. There are different types of modern loom in textile industry. Each machine differs from others because of functionality. We describe it from other experts because of using modern loom. Modern looms do the shedding, picking, biting in a algorithm. Different types of motion occurs in a modern loom. The motions are like, primary, secondary and auxiliary motion. Primary motion consist of shedding, picking and beat up operation. In secondary motion we found take up and let off operation. Like that in auxiliary motion we found warp stop and weft stop operation. Now a days we are using following modern looms.
- Missile/ Projectile Looms
- Rapier Looms
- Air-Jet Looms
- Water-jet Looms